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The Johari Window Model


It is necessary to improve self-awareness and personal development among individuals when they are in a group. The ‘Johari’ window model is a convenient method used to achieve this task of understanding and enhancing communication between the members in a group. American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham developed this model in 1955. The idea was derived as the upshot of the group dynamics in University of California and was later improved by Joseph Luft. The name ‘Johari’ came from joining their first two names. This model is also denoted as feedback/disclosure model of self-awareness.


The Johari window model is used to enhance the individual’s perception on others. This model is based on two ideas- trust can be acquired by revealing information about you to others and learning yourselves from their feedbacks. Each person is represented by the Johari model through four quadrants or window pane. Each four window panes signifies personal information, feelings, motivation and whether that information is known or unknown to oneself or others in four viewpoints.

The Johari Window Model

The method of conveying and accepting feedback is interpreted in this model. A Johari is represented as a common window with four panes. Two of these panes represent self and the other two represent the part unknown to self but to others. The information transfers from one pane to the other as the result of mutual trust which can be achieved through socializing and the feedback got from other members of the group.

1. Open/self-area or arena – Here the information about the person his attitudes, behaviour, emotions, feelings, skills and views will be known by the person as well as by others. This is mainly the area where all the communications occur and the larger the arena becomes the more effectual and dynamic the relationship will be. ‘Feedback solicitation’ is a process which occurs by understanding and listening to the feedback from another person. Through this way the open area can be increased horizontally decreasing the blind spot. The size of the arena can also be increased downwards and thus by reducing the hidden and unknown areas through revealing one’s feelings to other person.

2. Blind self or blind spot – Information about yourselves that others know in a group but you will be unaware of it. Others may interpret yourselves differently than you expect. The blind spot is reduced for an efficient communication through seeking feedback from others.

3. Hidden area or façade – Information that is known to you but will be kept unknown from others. This can be any personal information which you feel reluctant to reveal. This includes feelings, past experiences, fears, secrets etc. we keep some of our feelings and information as private as it affects the relationships and thus the hidden area must be reduced by moving the information to the open areas.

4. Unknown area – The Information which are unaware to yourselves as well as others. This includes the information, feelings, capabilities, talents etc. This can be due to traumatic past experiences or events which can be unknown for a lifetime. The person will be unaware till he discovers his hidden qualities and capabilities or through observation of others. Open communication is also an effective way to decrease the unknown area and thus to communicate effectively.


Linda got a job in an organization. Her co-workers knew a little about her and in this context the unknown and hidden areas will be larger and the open area will be small. As the others don’t know much about her the blind spot also will be smaller and the model will be as shown in Figure 1.

Linda spent most of her free time sketching in the office which was her preferred pastime and her co-workers found her very shy and elusive. With that evaluation she got the idea how she was and tried to be more talkative and interacted more with other co-workers. This helped her to increase her open area and thus making the hidden and unknown areas smaller. (Figure 2)

Through the feedback Linda got from her co-workers she could perform well in the office and her real capacity could be obtained as a result of an effective interaction among the colleagues.

{ 190 comments… add one }
  • PETER OMONDI October 30, 2021, 3:36 pm

    Good work,well elucidated

  • Gurmeet Kaur November 8, 2021, 8:05 pm

    Really helpful and detailed explanation and reflects the level of research done. It is very simple to understand and follow. Well done !!

  • MacDonald November 10, 2021, 4:49 pm

    Very educative and factual

  • RICH DAWKINS November 10, 2021, 8:10 pm

    I learned this 30 – 35yrs ago, I am very happy it is still out there and useful.
    I have an occasion to use again…………..

  • Derick Joel November 18, 2021, 6:28 am

    Simple to follow and understand . These are the best notes ever . Well done

  • FLAVIA CHIDO CHUMBU November 19, 2021, 2:43 pm


  • Ronnie November 26, 2021, 12:08 pm

    Well applied in military training

  • Paul Martineau January 6, 2022, 7:54 pm

    Re-acquainting with the model…we utilized in the 1980-90’s in the computer industry to orient new managers and to improve communication in newly combined business units.
    summarization above was very helpful.

  • Patrick J Bettenburg February 12, 2022, 6:52 am

    I love Johari!!!!

  • Raghaw Jee Chaturvedi February 20, 2022, 3:14 pm

    Very useful

  • Ian Bevan February 22, 2022, 9:24 pm

    I understand this, but can being more open to others leave you open to damaging feedback?

  • Shariq M March 6, 2022, 11:48 am

    A wonderful structured tool for assessing level of self awareness.

  • ambrose bonyo March 14, 2022, 3:21 am

    i still use this knowledge in military operations and science

  • Karabo Mooketsi March 16, 2022, 2:52 am

    Really dilated… Just read this once and understood . As tomorrow i will be writing this in my exam.. I hope it will help.

  • Anord Frolian April 8, 2022, 11:20 am

    More thanks because these notes to us it’s very important and useful to our daily lives , this helps on how you can interact with people and well communication with them ,well done!!!

  • Dashen April 9, 2022, 4:09 pm

    Simple and insightful…

  • Aaron April 25, 2022, 12:50 am

    Well sammarised and so easy to understand, this will be helpful in health sector. Am so happy to find such kind of information.

  • osama April 28, 2022, 1:41 am


  • Muneeb Hassan April 29, 2022, 4:43 am

    Excellent concept. How can one identify things that are in the blind spot. Typically, people don’t share areas that one should be improving upon.

  • Juli April 29, 2022, 5:55 pm

    Johari is such an interesting

  • Samrat Roy May 2, 2022, 4:14 pm

    Well laid out and explained. Clears our thought process and help us in seeing the bigger picture

  • Randy Mathis May 11, 2022, 1:01 am

    Very interesting, enlightening and applicable to each of our lives! God bless you, Randy

  • Ono May 11, 2022, 11:37 pm

    I’m confused

  • Timothy McDuff May 13, 2022, 8:39 pm

    I have always struggled with interpersonal relationships and someone much wiser than me is teaching me about this, it seems like something that can help me, thank you for the Johari method

  • Lovemore May 25, 2022, 1:23 am

    Well explained and simplified. Thank you.

  • WILLIAM T. MWALE May 26, 2022, 9:38 pm

    Well explained and quite insightful.

  • Mahesh Bhatkar June 13, 2022, 7:29 pm

    Very informative & valuable information…for our career growth specially when you are in people management role.

  • Emmanuel Rwagasore June 21, 2022, 7:28 pm

    Thank you johar

  • Lifewellnest July 7, 2022, 9:54 am

    Very helpful and good for self-awareness

  • rosa July 12, 2022, 7:16 pm

    thank you

  • samyuktha August 1, 2022, 7:05 pm

    nice. interesting.

  • Major Mkandawire August 10, 2022, 11:22 pm

    Quite helpful this, well articulated for a quick read.

  • George August 13, 2022, 4:36 pm

    Johari’s principle is so vital in public Relations/Publicity .

  • R.Manjusha August 13, 2022, 6:58 pm


  • Brenda a student August 16, 2022, 3:34 pm

    Thank you for the message. Very interesting God bless you.

  • Shaba September 5, 2022, 2:33 pm

    Interesting topic that is very well explained

  • Bill schretter September 22, 2022, 5:12 am

    Great tool to use as a first step in a performance review prioress. Also great to use with newlyweds. A popular tool to help people define what knowledge they have , they are lacking, and need to hire experts

  • Stanley Okoh September 23, 2022, 1:32 am

    This is absolutely insightful. I am grateful for the opportunity.

  • Tembelani September 30, 2022, 11:55 am

    I love Johari, it is a great tool to use.

  • Kanyerezi Ronald October 12, 2022, 2:22 pm

    It quite useful and reminds me my Communication Skills Lecturer Ms Catherine now the late. R.I.P

  • Peter Daka October 24, 2022, 11:02 am

    I first saw this yesterday when our pastor did a presentation to us. I found the presentation a bit difficult to understand.
    Am really amazed after browsing through this one it is so simple and clear!

  • Brittneyu Gauthier October 26, 2022, 1:33 am

    There is always room for self-improvement, even when your shy.

  • Jefferson Patrick November 4, 2022, 10:32 am

    Well detailed,I like it!

  • Fazhoo November 8, 2022, 10:55 pm

    Simple and clear

  • MAKANDE STEVEN November 9, 2022, 10:44 pm

    It is really an educative research

  • Shakene November 16, 2022, 6:46 pm

    Very helpful.

  • Nagaraj Naik November 17, 2022, 9:56 pm

    Explained very nicely, it will be very useful.

  • Dora Tetteh November 22, 2022, 4:38 am

    Well explained and educative thanks

  • enock November 25, 2022, 5:57 pm

    nice it change some thing

  • mohenga December 2, 2022, 9:37 am

    simple and clearly explanation ,i using it up today.

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