The Theory of Mood Management according to Zillmann, is consumption of media messages and information according to the mood of the individuals. The theory as well hypothesizes that the state of mind of an individual uses the influence of media and the available choices to optimize the mood. There are also numbers of theoretical inferences that suggest and support the exposure to the selective media content that affects the result.
Stuart Hall developed reception theory, popularly known as Audience Theory or reader’s reception theory, in 1973. His essay ‘Encoding and Decoding Television Discourse’ focuses on the encoding and decoding of the content given to the audience no matter the form of media such as magazines/papers, television/radios, games. Today theorists who do the analysis of media through reception theory often derive results from the experience of an audience created by watching a cinema, game or books.
The Limited effects theory was proposed by Austrian–American sociologist Paul Lazarsfeld. The theory states that even if there is an effect created by the media on the thoughts and opinions of individuals; this effect is minimal at best or limited.